Hispanic culture and breastfeeding

Having a Hispanic father born in the United States decreased the odds of breastfeeding initiation by 83%. For each year that the father lived in the United States, Hispanic mothers were 5% less likely to initiate breastfeeding. Early postpartum breastfeeding and acculturation among Hispanic women Objective: To review the literature to describe Hispanic breastfeeding beliefs, attitudes, and practices in the United States. Data sources: Using the search terms Hispanics and breastfeeding, both CINAHAL and MEDLINE (Ovid) databases were queried. Only research studies conducted in the United States from 1998 and 2008 were included in the review For breastfeeding duration, Hispanics, non-Hispanic whites, and non-Hispanic blacks met the HP2010 targets of 50% breastfeeding to 6 months in eight of 49, 14 of 51, and two of 33 states, and of 25% breastfeeding to 12 months in 12 of 49, 14 of 51, and three of 33 states, respectively

The Importance of Breastfeeding for Minority Women. Breastfeeding is beneficial to almost all mothers and infants, but the benefits may be significantly greater for minority women. 9 Minority women are disproportionately affected by adverse health outcomes, which may improve with breastfeeding. 10 Relative to white women in the United States, African American and Hispanic women have increased. family history of breastfeeding, in-hospital formula introduction, and WIC participation. RESULTS: Spanish-speaking Hispanic mothers were most likely to initiate (91%), intend (92%), and maintain (mean duration, 17.1 weeks) breastfeeding, followed by English-speaking Hispanic mothers (initiation 90%, intent 88%; mean duration, 10.4 weeks) and whit Finally, although this report focuses only on black-white breastfeeding differences, lower rates of breastfeeding duration and exclusivity among Hispanic infants, compared with non-Hispanic white infants, have been documented (3). However, because Hispanic and white infants have similar rates of breastfeeding initiation, the methods applied in. The help they offer for breastfeeding, for instance, is very important because some women do experience difficulties at first and family support can help you keep going when you want to quit. But you may also get some advice about practices that are based more on traditional Latino culture than on modern medicine

Breastfeeding by Hispanic Women - Journal of Obstetric

How culture influences health beliefs • All cultures have . systems of health beliefs . to Hispanic population has distinct cultural beliefs and customs . the breast during breastfeeding. Empacho . intestinal obstruction and is characterized by abdominal pain, vomiting,. Culture, spirituality, and womens health. JOGNN, 24, 257-263. Relationships between culture, religious beliefs, and women's health are explored. A variety of cultures and beliefs are reviewed. Hispanic individuals cope with illness through their belief about God's will. Motherhood is important within this culture Reyes and her colleagues invite Latino/Hispanic leaders, advocates and supporters of breastfeeding and birth to participate by sharing a story, poem, picture, art piece or video in Spanish or English. Reyes points out that Latino/Hispanic culture is not homogenous, so she speaks to Latino/Hispanic birth culture from a personal perspective The median age for introduction of formula in the following ethnicities were African American infants at 16 days, Caucasian infants at 12 days and Hispanic infants at 20 days. 5. 1. Pak-Gorstein, Suzinne, Aliya Haq, and Elinor A. Graham. Cultural influences on infant feeding practices.. Pediatrics in Review 30.3 (2009): e11

Hispanic Heritage Month. Each year Americans observe National Hispanic Heritage Month from September 15 to October 15. During the month, individuals and organizations celebrate the rich histories, cultural influences and contributions of Hispanics/Latinx in the United States. Latinx are a diverse group with ancestry from 28 countries In the US, even though Hispanic and Latina mothers are more likely to face challenges (like poverty) associated with poor birth and breastfeeding outcomes they often have excellent birth and breastfeeding outcomes (for a review, see Buekens et al., 2000) Progress 07/01/00 to 06/30/04 Outputs Most cultures have strong traditional breastfeeding practices. However, when mothers move to a more developed country there is often a decline in this practice, usually due to acculturation. This project examined the role of culture in infant feeding practices among Hispanic mothers American culture, they give up their traditional practices and adopt the behaviors of their new country. This process of acculturation is believed to have a negative effect on health outcomes. Breastfeeding is a health behavior that could fit the pattern of the Hispanic Paradox. Breastfeeding provides a number of benefits to infants. For.

Pregnancy & Childbirth Culture

Breastfeeding by Hispanic women - PubMe

  1. breastfeeding Hispanic/Latina breastfeed-ing infant feeding ABSTRACT Objective: To review the literature to describe Hispanic breastfeeding beliefs, attitudes, and practices in the United States. Data Sources: Using the search terms ''Hispanics'' and ''breastfeeding,'' both CINAHAL and MEDLINE (Ovid) databases were queried
  2. SHAHEDA YASHMIN, CLAPHAM, GREAT BRITAIN. FRANÇAIS TÜRKÇE. Breastfeeding is important to me for several reasons. One reason is my religion. As a Muslim parent, I always try to follow Islamic guidelines and I was fascinated to discover breastfeeding is mentioned in the Quran 1 (Islam's holy book). As I read more about Islam and breastfeeding, I came across some controversial issues and.
  3. Cultural norms in conflict: Breastfeeding among Hispanic immigrants in rural Washington state Maternal and Child Health Journal , 20 ( 2016 ) , pp. 1549 - 1557 CrossRef View Record in Scopus Google Schola
  4. ority groups in the United States, it is essential that nurses use the initial postpartum period to help educate women about exclusive breastfeeding. In order to accomplish this, nurses need culturally specific information, which promotes cultural traditions and also encourages breastfeeding...

Hispanic culture regarding pregnancy is very respected. The family is very involved in the pregnancy. Some women are encouraged to quit their jobs so they can take better care of themselves. Women are encouraged to rest often, eat well, and take walks to have a normal pregnancy. Women prefer female care givers ( Partridge, Balayla, Holcroft. Despite Hispanic cultural expectations to breastfeed and participants' belief that breastfeeding is the healthiest infant feeding choice, 8 (40 %) respondents reported that they believed most Hispanics in the United States would be more likely to choose formula over breastfeeding Breastfeeding rates differ among white, black and Hispanic mothers, new American research indicates. This study looked to see if ethnic and racial disparities in breastfeeding could be explained. breastfeeding my infant this milk saying it was too dirty. This myth is actually not unique to the Latino culture. This myth is prevalent in parts of Africa and Asia. In parts of Japan and Hong Kong the first few days of birth the baby is given sugared water and teas. In the Latino culture the colostrums is looked upon as pus and is thrown out

Hispanic women face a unique set of challenges when it comes to breastfeeding, including overcoming longstanding cultural beliefs, such as views on healthy baby weight, and dealing with language barriers. When compared to all other ethnic groups, Hispanic mothers are most likely to supplement breastmilk with formula within the first two days of. This article focuses on assisting nurses with the promotion of exclusive breastfeeding in Hispanic women through the understanding of their heritage, cultural traditions, and acculturation. Nurses.

Racial and Ethnic Differences in Breastfeeding Initiation

Hispanic Blacks have the lowest rates of breastfeeding if Hispanics in the United States share similar demographic characteristics? This occurrence is puzzling to many and points to the possible influence of acculturation on breastfeeding practices among Hispanic women in the United States Although the health benefits of breastfeeding are well established, early introduction of formula remains a common practice. Cultural beliefs and practices can have an important impact on breastfeeding. This paper describes some common beliefs that may discourage breastfeeding in Lebanon. Participants were healthy first-time mothers recruited from hospitals throughout Lebanon to participate in.

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Breastfeedin

The terms Hispanic American or Latino American are broad terms that refer to groups with a cultural and national identity arising from Mexico, the Caribbean, Central and South America, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Spain and other Spanish‐speaking communities who now live in the United States (Munoz & Luckmann, 2005; Spector, 2004; U.S. Census Bureau, 2004). In 2004, 35.2 million Hispanics accounted. Suboptimal breastfeeding in Latino infants is associated with an increased risk of disease and even death. Latino culture celebrates children, the caregiver role, and breastfeeding. To embrace our traditions, Latino families in the US must have equal access to culturally and linguistically responsive lactation and medical care, supportive. Breastfeeding among Latino Families in an Urban Pediatric Office Setting. Nursing Research and Practice, Vol. 2016. Association of Breastfeeding and the Federal Poverty Level: National Survey of Family Growth, 2011-2013. Epidemiology Research International, Vol. 2016. Volume 9 Issue 7

Medical Culture Can Be A Barrier • Pregnancy is an illness. • A new mother is a sick patient. • A newborn is a sick patient. • Breastfeeding is not to be trusted. • These events are viewed as needing medical intervention rather than as normative family experiences. • (Conrad & Kern, 1986; Ehrenreich & English, 1973 They said breastfeeding is ingrained in their Hispanic cultural heritage, and infant feeding choices of female family members were particularly influential in women's own decision to breastfeed Having a Hispanic father born in the United States decreased the odds of breastfeeding initiation by 83%. For each year that the father lived in the United States, Hispanic mothers were 5% less likely to initiate breastfeeding. Gorman et al. (2007) examined medical record data from 1,635 low-income Hispanic women in Southern California Enforcement provisions were also directed at enforcing workplace pumping and public breastfeeding laws.63 Interestingly, this study found that, relative to non-Latino whites, Mexican American women were 30 percent more likely to meet the AAP's recommendation of breastfeeding for at least 6 months in states with laws that provided break-time. Latinas lead the pack when it comes to breastfeeding their babies at birth - more than 80 percent of Latina moms do. More Latinas nurse their children at 12 months than any other ethnic group in the country. But there are still a lot of misconceptions about breastfeeding, and a lot of pressure to get it right - whatever that means.

The firm specializes in providing services to local, state, and national organizations in finding and implementing best practices and strategy approaches to address cultural differences and minority's health disparities. Her expertise and focus is working with the Latino, Asian Chinese, and Caribbean-non-Hispanic communities This descriptive, cross-sectional study examined attitudes toward breastfeeding in 57 Spanishspeaking Hispanic American women. Participants were asked to complete a Spanish version of the Breastfeeding Behavior Questionnaire (Cuestionario de Comportamiento Amamantar)

Latino refers to a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race. 1 Latinos comprised nearly 16 percent of the U.S. Hispanic Blacks had a lower prevalence of initiating breastfeeding than non-Hispanic Whites or Hispanics in all but two U.S. states. In fact, out of thirty-three states sampled, only in one did African Americans meet the Healthy People 2010 breastfeeding initiation goal of 75%. And th Hispanic black (black) infants born in 2014 have not met any of the national breastfeeding goals, while non-Hispanic white (white) infants met or exceeded all of them (CDC, 2017). On average, there is a 17 percentage-point gap in breastfeeding initiation between black and white infants born between 2009 and 2014 (CDC, 2017). Furthermore, a recen Acculturation, Cultural Values, and Breastfeeding in Overweight or Obese, Low-Income, Hispanic Women at 1 Month Postpartum Cha Nam Shin, Elizabeth Reifsnider, Darya McClain, Mihyun Jeong, David P. McCormick, Michael Moramarc

Specific cultural practices related to breastfeeding have also been described. Discussion. The restoration of maternal health is a common underlying theme across cultures - the new mother becomes mothered herself. By contrast, in modern Western medicine during the postpartum period the focus is on infant care The study highlights the importance of behavioral and cultural factors that might be essential to increase adoption of breastfeeding among Hispanic rural women. AB - Introduction: Healthy People 2020 has the important goal of increasing the number of breastfed babies in the USA Society and Culture Shape the Hispanic Pain Experience. While future genetic studies may unmask distinct molecular signatures related to pain sensitivity and prevalence in HAs and other ethnic groups, substantial evidence points to social and cultural factors as key determinants of the pain experience of Hispanics in the US

Hispanic women opt for labor pain relief less often than others. Since the 1970s, the frequency and use of pain relief during childbirth - and most especially the use of epidural analgesia. Community Key for Supporting Latina Moms. Hispanic Heritage Month ends October 15 and though the work to promote, protect and support breastfeeding in California is year-round, we at the California Breastfeeding Coalition (CBC) want to take this opportunity to recognize work being done to reach Hispanic families in the state Rates of intention to breastfeed were similar for Hispanic and African American women. Among Hispanics, greater identification with Hispanic culture was associated with increases in the likelihood of planning to breastfeed. A smaller proportion of Hispanic women persisted, especially among, those women who supplemented with formula

Racial Disparities in Breastfeeding Initiation and

  1. Why Hispanic Culture May Contribute To Infant Obesity. The war on childhood obesity may come to a screeching halt if dietary experts don't take into consideration a person's culture. According to a study published in the journal Pediatrics, Hispanic culture-not just poor nutrition choices-may have a negative impact on healthy weight.
  2. Acculturation, Cultural Values, and Breastfeeding in Overweight or Obese, Low-Income, Hispanic Women at 1 Month Postpartum Chanam Shin, Elizabeth Reifsnider , Darya McClain, Mihyun Jeong, David P. McCormick, Michael Moramarc
  3. Crude breastfeeding rates among Hispanic infants were lower or comparable to those among white infants (eg, 79.6% vs 78.4% for initiation, 16.2% vs 17.7% for exclusivity, and 26.3% vs 26.4% for continued breastfeeding at 12 months in 2009-2010), but the adjusted rates were higher among Hispanic infants than those among white infants after.
  4. Hispanic Mothers Enrolled in WIC: Implications for Breastfeeding Peer Counseling (Under the direction of Asheley Skinner) Hispanic children have the highest rate of overweight and obesity for children and youth ages 2-19 in the U.S. amongst all major racial and ethnic groups. Recent research has highlighte
  5. Racial Disparities Remain in Breastfeeding. Non-Hispanic blacks appear to be the group least likely to breastfeed children. March 28, 2010— -- Rates of breastfeeding have been rising since 1990.
  6. Latino children have limited access to active spaces (i.e., trails, parks, and recreation facilities) that may prevent them from engaging in adequate levels of physical activity for healthy development. Latino children are behind before kindergarten. 42% of kids live in child care deserts with no or overfull early care and education centers

Baby care traditions in Hispanic culture BabyCente

  1. The median age of Hispanic women is 41, compared with 47 for non-Hispanics women ; Among Hispanic women, immigrants are more likely to give birth than their U.S.-born counterparts. Immigrant Hispanic women had 96 births per 1,000 women while U.S.-born Hispanic women had 73 births per 1,000 women
  2. In the health care setting, Hispanic families may view privacy as being more significant and secretive. Families and females of the families, especially the younger girls, will often desire to have their mother present for a physical exam (Giger, 2008). This culture values their privacy, and as health care workers, we must ensure we take.
  3. ately low-income

NRSG833 - Cultural Considerations: Hispanic Cultur

Their breastfeeding practices in Australia were a combination of practices maintained from their countries of origin and those adopted according to Australian cultural norms. They exemplified the complexity of breastfeeding behaviour and the relationship between infant feeding with economic status and the perceived social norms of the host country A secondary analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was done in a study by Gibson, Diaz, and Geesy (2005) in order to describe the prevalence of breastfeeding among Hispanics as it pertains to acculturation (the process of adapting the culture of where one migrates to) She is also currently leading a multi-site international study to define the cultural determinants of breastfeeding in Latino American countries. Dr. Linares will officially receive the Cultural Changemaker recognition during the June 9 virtual awards ceremony for the 2021 National Breastfeeding Conference & Convening among Hispanic women • Breastfeeding prevalence in foreign Hispanic cultures different than U.S. • BF in Mexico: - 80-90% ever-breastfed - Mean duration: 9 months - Strong cultural values and beliefs - Tener un bebe saludable (to have a healthy baby) • BF in Puerto Rico: - Cultural beliefs and values do not play major role.

tfeeding experience of Hispanic mothers. Because exclusive breastfeeding is low in minority groups in the United States, it is essential that nurses use the initial postpartum period to help educate women about exclusive breastfeeding. In order to accomplish this, nurses need culturally specific information, which promotes cultural traditions and also encourages breastfeeding... In honor of National Hispanic Heritage Month, Sept. 15 - Oct. 15, we celebrate the Hispanic breastfeeding community and its high success rate for breastfeeding after birth. The amazing support from family members, especially Grandmas and Spouses, for breastfeeding moms in the Hispanic community, is believed to be the main reasons these high. Objective: Breastfeeding rates in Hispanic mothers are dependent on the degree of acculturation. Immigrant mothers breastfeed at a higher rate and duration than Hispanic women born and raised in the United States. Since breastfeeding decreases the risk for obesity, and childhood obesity with its co-morbidities of type 2 diabetes and heart disease is highest in this population, finding. Hispanic mothers were also more likely than black mothers to start breastfeeding and to breastfeed longer. Again, the higher rates of breastfeeding among relatives of Hispanic mothers explained. breastfeeding in public were associated with longer breastfeeding durations. The socio-cultural context for support of breastfeeding is an important consideration by healthcare providers caring for Muslim Arab women. An ecological non-Hispanic category (Aboul-Enein & Aboul-Enein, 2010). I

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Reclaiming Latino/Hispanic birth and breastfeeding

I am Puerto Rican, born, raised, still living here and enjoying it. I identify myself as Hispanic, Latina and more specifically, Afro-Caribbean. I love having a strong culture with a diverse background. My commitment to reclaim our breastfeeding and birth traditions came instinctively with my first pregnancy back in 2014 The percentage of babies who start out breastfeeding has increased in recent years, with 81.1 percent of women breastfeeding their babies at birth; however, breastfeeding rates for African-American mothers are significantly lower than rates for other racial groups. In addition, Hispanic women initiate breastfeeding at slightly lower rates than. Each culture has general cultural beliefs when referring to health and illness, as well as cultural beliefs in regards to pregnancy and birth, both in which will be discussed. When communicating with a Hispanic patient, one thing to be careful of when speaking knows the meanings of words in the context you are speaking (Galanti, 2008) In her book, Seals Allers explored how race, history, class and culture erode not only breastfeeding among black mothers, but also the rate of healthy births, and future health of the children breastfeeding contribute to disparities in maternal and infant outcomes. Compared to the Non -Hispanic White population, it has been estimated that the Non -Hispanic Black population has 2.2 times the number of excess child deaths and the Hispanic population has 1.5 times the number of excess child deaths attributable t

Las dos (meaning both) is a phrase used among many Hispanic women to describe the common practice of using formula supplementation alongside breastfeeding--not necessarily out of dire need but more as a matter of preference or culture. Many Hispanic women feel that las dos offers them and their babies the best of both worlds--they feel. Hispanics mothers did, however, have the best numbers when it came to time spent watching television and breastfeeding. Most pediatricians don't talk about television until a baby is at least 12 to 15 months old. Think this study tells us we need to talk about television early on in a baby's life, Perrin told R Researchers focused on nondemographic factors that might help explain the differences in breastfeeding among black, white, and Hispanic mothers in the United States. They found a surprising discrepancy in the mothers' initial decision to breastfeed — black mothers were nine times more likely to be given formula for their babies than white mothers in the hospital or Hispanic women who are immigrants to the United States from parts of the world where breastfeeding is the norm may initiate breastfeeding at higher rates than women of these racial/ethnic groups who were born in the United States. Some evidence in the Mexican Ameri-can population suggests that cultural assimilation is as

Cultural Influences in Infant Feeding Medel

Hispanic culture looks like is critical for early identification of children, completing the child outcome ratings and providing evidenced based services. breastfeeding with formula supplementation, and influence of learned culture on diet. Additionally, for Hispanic familie The authors found that across the twenty countries, each culture's postpartum practice included a specified rest period, a prescribed diet, and organized support from family members. In the literature review, Dennis and her team concluded that healthcare providers should consider the major similarities between cultural postpartum practices to.

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The Bidirectional Acculturation Scale for Hispanic (BAS) measures acculturation to both Hispanic and non-Hispanic culture. The BAS includes 24 items measuring acculturation to Hispanic culture and 12 items that measure Hispanic or non-Hispanic acculturation are divided as Language Use, Linguistic Proficiency and Electronic Media Objective . To determine the breastfeeding rate of Latino infants at an urban pediatric clinic in the first six months of life and to identify factors associated with breastfeeding. Methods . Investigators conducted a retrospective chart review of infants seen at the clinic in 2014 as part of a mixed methods study. Topics reviewed included demographics, infant health data, and feeding methods. (3) to suggest culture specific postpartum behavioral interventions and (4) to explore the consequence of postpartum depression in regards to breastfeeding and mothers' perceptions of their babies. Significance This research is important and significant. First, Hispanics are the fastest-growing ethni While not considering Hispanics as a distinct race, the U.S. Census (utilizing federally delineated categories) defines someone Hispanic or Latino as a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race

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Hispanic Heritage Month - United States Breastfeeding

determining cultural interventions necessary for improving breastfeeding behaviors in the Hispanic population, an objective of Healthy People 2020. Identifying creative interventions that reduce barriers, increase self-efficacy, and include cultural values will enhance the appropriateness of future breastfeeding interventions Cultural Awareness and Cultural Humility are described, and examples provided of how these can improve communication with families and collaborators. By avoiding generalizations and concentrating on the specific individuals we meet; asking, listening and learning about them, solutions to breastfeeding barriers can often be discovered Hispanic Traditions - Las Mañanitas. This is a traditional Mexican birthday song (some people say that in fact, it is two songs in one). The tradition has spread to different Latin American countries, particularly in Central America where it has become widely popular Latino Best Start suggests that breastfeeding promotion programs for Hispanics must be tailored to the needs of individual communities and include family, culture, and a focus on health leadership as a means of self-advocacy

mothers and 66% reduction in the odds of breastfeeding at 6 months. ii. Each year of US residency decreased the odds of breastfeeding by 4%; this held true for Mexicans, other Hispanics, and non-Hispanics. iii. Having a partner born in the US decreased breastfeeding initiation by 83% iv The Hispanic Health Status Report shows comprehensive Hispanic health disparity data. The data represents the ethnic minority health facts and socioeconomic status in Nebraska. Highlights of the report include: Almost 26% of Hispanics are living in poverty, compared to 9.5% of non-Hispanic Whites 2021 & 2020 NBCC Awardees. Each year the United States Breastfeeding Committee (USBC) offers a limited number of awards to support the participation of cultural, tribal, and emerging breastfeeding leaders at the National Breastfeeding Conference and Convening (NBCC). These awards are one component of the USBC's ongoing efforts to recognize and.

The role of culture in infant feeding practices - UNIV OF

During Latino-Hispanic Heritage Month, HealthConnect One is excited to celebrate our breastfeeding traditions through online and real-life conversation and support. This is the 3rd guest post in our blog series, Celebrating our Breastfeeding Traditions, featuring individuals who identify as Latino/Hispanic who are breastfeeding leaders, advocates of breastfeeding support, and members of. The Book of Life and Coco offer a gorgeous introduction to time-honored cultural traditions and are a great lead-up to Dia de los Muertos, which follows Hispanic Heritage Month at the beginning of. Lack of Support. Financial Barriers. Personal Issues. Health Concerns. For some women, the decision to breastfeed is an easy one. But, for others, there are health, financial, practical, informational, physical, or emotional barriers that may make the choice more complicated. Below are some of the reasons why some women choose not to breastfeed Healthy People 2020 has the important goal of increasing the number of breastfed babies in the USA. The purpose of this pilot study was to explore factors that influence breastfeeding initiation and continuation among Hispanic women living in rural settings. Further, the objective of this study was to develop a framework for an educational breastfeeding program to meet the needs of Hispanic.

Breastfeeding initiation rates are high among Hispanics living in the United States. Newly immigrated women initiate and continue to breastfeed longer than more acculturated women. Unfortunately, exclusive breastfeeding and duration rates fall well below the desired goals of Healthy People 2010 The rates of initiation and duration of breastfeeding in Hispanic women differs between ethnic groups, and interventions to support breastfeeding need to take this into account. Each cultural environment brings a different perspective on breastfeeding, how women choose to feed and nurture their babies, and the unique challenges they need to.

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Colostrum Through a Cultural Lens. by Katie Hinde in SPLASH! milk science update: February 2017. Perinatal mammary secretions, known as colostrum, are rich in immune molecules and complex sugars. Five-hundred years ago, experts in medicine and animal husbandry cautioned against feeding colostrum to newborn animals and humans Some Cultures Treat Menstruation With Respect. When Donald Trump said that Fox News host Megyn Kelly had blood coming out of her wherever , he showed that cultural taboos and biological. Ohio WIC celebrates Breastfeeding Awareness Month (BAM) every August. The theme for Breastfeeding Awareness Month 2021 is, Protect Breastfeeding: A Shared Responsibility. This theme focuses on how breastfeeding contributes to the survival, health, and well-being of all, and the imperative to protect breastfeeding worldwide US National New Jersey US National Hispanic Breastfeeding Rates at 3 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding Breastfeeding & Formula Exclusive Formula Breastfeeding Educational Training for Housekeepers •Describe the benefits of breastfeeding and risks of not breastfeeding •Discuss the 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding and the Baby-Friendl